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The 109 kDa quinohemoprotein amine dehydrogenase (QHNDH) from Paracoccus denitrificans contains a novel redox cofactor, cysteine tryptophylquinone (CTQ). This cofactor is derived from a pair of gene-encoded amino acids by post-translational modification and was previously identified and characterized within an 82-residue subunit by chemical methods and crystallographic analysis at 2.05 Å resolution. It contains an orthoquinone moiety bound to the indole ring and catalyzes the oxidation of aliphatic and aromatic amines through formation of a Schiff-base intermediate involving one of the quinone O atoms. This paper reports the structural analysis of the complex of QHNDH with the enzyme inhibitor phenylhydrazine determined at 1.70 Å resolution. The phenylhydrazone product is attached to the C6 position, identifying the O6 atom of CTQ as the site of Schiff-base formation as postulated by analogy to another amine-oxidizing enzyme, methylamine dehydrogenase. Furthermore, the inner N atom closest to the phenyl ring of phenylhydrazine forms a hydrogen bond to γAsp33 in the complex, lending support to the hypothesis that this residue serves as the active-site base for proton abstraction during catalysis.

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