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The structure of bovine liver cytochrome b5, a soluble 93-residue proteolytic fragment of a 16 kDa membrane-bound hemoprotein, initially solved at 2.0 Å resolution, has been refined at 1.5 Å using data collected on a diffractometer. Refinement to 2.0 Å resolution used the Hendrickson-Konnert procedure PROLSQ and was then extended to 1.5 Å resolution using the program PROFFT. Only residues 3-87 could be identified in the model and these residues together with 93 water molecules gave an agreement factor of R = 0.161 for data in the resolution range 1.5-5 Å. The structure was finally refined using the program X-PLOR, which enabled alternate conformers to be modelled for several surface side chains. Residues 1 and 2 at the amino terminus of the protein and residue 88 near the carboxyl terminus could be identified from these electron-density maps. However the remaining disordered carboxy-terminal residues could not successfully be included in the model. A total of 117 solvent molecules were included in the final refinement to give R = 0.164 for the data between 1.5 and 10 Å.

Supporting information

PDB references: 3b5c; 1cyc

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