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Spin-echo small-angle neutron scattering (SESANS) is a novel real-space scattering technique. SESANS measures a correlation-like function G(Z), the meaning of which was unknown until now. Here a direct real-space interpretation of G(Z) through the particle scattering density and pair correlation function is given. One-dimensional and two-dimensional SESANS are compared. The case of non-interacting particles is considered in detail with an explicit geometrical interpretation. General methods for the calculation of structural parameters, such as the total scattering length and the radius of gyration, are developed. Analytical expressions of G(Z) for non-interacting solid spheres, hollow spheres and Gaussian coils are derived. The case of solid spheres is compared with experimental data.

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