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Phasing of the crystal structures of four standard proteins (lysozyme, trypsin, glucose isomerase and thaumatin) and a novel 69 kDa protein from Thermus thermophilus, TT0570, was performed using the single-wavelength anomalous diffraction of S atoms intrinsically present within the native protein molecules. To utilize the sulfur anomalous diffraction, the data sets were collected using the loopless data-collection method with chromium Kα X-rays of wavelength 2.29 Å. Three phasing methods, MLPHARE, SHARP and OASIS-2004, were tested in combination with the DM or SOLOMON density-modification method. The results showed that the solvent contents are still an important factor for phasing with the S-­SAD method, even when longer wavelength Cr Kα radiation is used. Of the three procedures, the improved direct phasing of OASIS-2004 with its implemented fragment feedback to the direct-method probability calculation gave the best results in determining the initial phases. For all five proteins, almost the entire models could be built automatically.

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