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The rhombohedral perovskites are of interest in lattice dynamics (e.g. LaAlO3, PrAlO3) and for their ferroelectric properties (e.g. LiNbO3, PbZr/TiO3). In this paper, data scattered through the literature are correlated, with correction of some misleading mistakes of calculation. Geometrical descriptions are put in a form allowing comparisons. The structures, classified by their space groups, are described in terms of four structural parameters, the octahedron tilt ω, octahedron distortion d, and A- and B-cation displacements s and t, together with an elongation or flattening ζ of the octahedron, deducible with the help of ω from the interaxial angle αrh. Attention is drawn to the variety of physical causes underlying these departures from ideal perovskite. In the R{\bar 3}c structures a correlation not previously noted in the literature is found between the tilt angle ω and a flattening of the octahedron, and some tentative suggestions are made as to its cause. In the R3m and R3c structures, a lack of general correlation between B-cation displacement and the other parameters is noted, in contradiction to earlier reports.
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