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The high flux density of synchrotron white beam offers several advantages in X-ray imaging such as higher resolution and signal-to-noise ratio in 3D/4D micro-tomography, higher frame rate in real-time imaging of transient phenomena, and higher penetration in thick and dense materials especially at higher energies. However, these advantages come with additional challenges to beamline optics, camera and sample due to increased heat load and radiation damage, and to personal safety due to higher radiation dose and ozone gas hazards. In this work, a white beam imaging facility at imaging beamline BL-4, Indus-2, has been developed, while taking care of various instrumental and personal safety challenges. The facility has been tested to achieve 1.5 µm spatial resolution, increased penetration depth up to 900 µm in steel, and high temporal resolutions of ∼10 ms (region of interest 2048 × 2048 pixels) and 70 µs (256 × 2048 pixels). The facility is being used successfully for X-ray imaging, non-destructive testing and dosimetry experiments.

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Example of a real-time imaging experiment: fast radiographic microscopy of the dissolution of a pharmaceutical tablet in water with time

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